Balistic Edge Research Labaoratory Pty. Ltd. Logo

 

NIJ Standard 0101.04 2000

U.S. Department of Justice

National Institute of Justice

Technology Assessment Program - Ballistic Resistance of Body Armor

Purpose and Scope

The purpose of this standard is to establish minimum performance requirements and test methods for the ballistic resistance of personal body armor intended to protect the torso against gunfire. This standard is a general revision of NIJ Standard−0101.03, dated April 1987, updating the labeling requirements, acceptance criteria, test ammunition, procedures, and other items throughout the standard. Revision A of NIJ Standard−0101.04, dated June 2001, provides clarification to the text, methodology and test procedures of NIJ Standard−0101.04. The scope of the standard is limited to ballistic resistance only; this standard does not address threats from knives and sharply pointed instruments, which are different types of threat.

 

Table 1. NIJ Standard−0101.04 P-BFS performance test summary
Armor Type Test Variables Performance Requirements
Test Round Test Ammunition Nominal Bullet Mass Minimum
Required
Bullet
Velocity
Required
Fair Hits
Per Armor
Part at 0°
Angle of
Incidence
Maximum
Depth of
Deformation
Required
Fair Hits
Per Armor
Part at 30°
Angle of
Incidence

Shots

Per

Panel

Shots

Per

Sample

Shots

Per

Threat

Total

Shots

Req'd

*These items must be specified by the user. All of the items must be specified.

 

Panel = Front or back component of typical armor sample.

Sample = Full armor garment, including all component panels (F & B).

Threat = Test ammunition round by caliber.

 

Abbreviations:

  • AP-Armor Piercing
  • FMJ- Full Metal Jacketed
  • JSP-Jacketed Soft Point
  • LRHV- Long Rifle High Velocity
  • RN- Round Nose
  • SWC- Semi- Wadcutter
I

1

.22 caliber LR

LRN

2.6 g

40 gr.

329 m/s

(1080 ft/s)

4

44 mm

(1.73 in)

2

6

12

24

48

2

.380 ACP

FMJ RN

6.2 g

95 gr.

322 m/s

(1055 ft/s)

4

44 mm

(1.73 in)

2

6

12

24

II-A

1

9 mm

FMJ RN

8.0 g

124 gr.

341 m/s

(1120 ft/s)

4

44 mm

(1.73 in)

2

6

12

24

48

2

40 S&W

FMJ

11.7 g

180 gr.

322 m/s

(1055 ft/s)

4

44 mm

(1.73 in)

2

6

12

24

II

1

9 mm

FMJ RN

8.0 g

124 gr.

367 m/s

(1205 ft/s)

4

44 mm

(1.73 in)

2

6

12

24

48

2

357 Mag

JSP

10.2 g

158 gr.

436 m/s

(1430 ft/s)

4

44 mm

(1.73 in)

2

6

12

24

III-A

1

9 mm

FMJ RN

8.2 g

124 gr.

436 m/s

(1430 ft/s)

4

44 mm

(1.73 in)

2

6

12

24

48

2

44 Mag

SJHP

15.6 g

240 gr.

436 m/s

(1430 ft/s)

4

44 mm

(1.73 in)

2

6

12

24

III

1

7.62 mm NATO

FMJ

9.6 g

148 gr.

847 m/s

(2780 ft/s)

6

44 mm

(1.73 in)

0

6

12

12

12

IV

1

.30 caliber

M2 AP

10.8 g

166 gr.

878 m/s

(2880 ft/s)

1

44 mm

(1.73 in)

0

1

2

2

2

Special Requirement

*

*

*

*

*

44 mm

(1.73 in)

*

*

*

*

*